If you are shopping for a spider plant to buy and simply want to know what varieties are available, the 3 main types are:
They all have the same plant care needs and produce spider plant baby offshoots. The main difference is their appearance.
Variegated: The most common variety is the variegated kind. In fact, most people don’t know that there other types beyond this one. Although they are the most easy to find of the 3, variegated spider plants can be a very spectacular-looking plant, especially with lots of off-shoots.
Green: The solid green (sometimes called “Shamrock” or “Ocean”) is not as easy to find. Many nurseries do not carry it. Sometimes it can be easier to get it online from an independent supplier.
Curly: Curly spider plants (sometimes referred to as Bonnie Curly Spider Plants) look like a variegated plant with curly leaves… and curly babies. These are also unusual and not as easy to find. eBay can be a good place to look if you want to buy several curly spider plant cuttings.
Spider Plant Varieties… in Detail
To get more specific, the spider plant species (otherwise known as Chlorophytum Comosum) has 2 plant types: Variegatum and Vittatum. The visual difference between these 2 spider plant varieties is their color and striping.
As you can see below, Variegatum features a darker green stripe down the center of the leaf, while the Vittatum features a white stripe down the center of the blade with outer lighter-green edges. Both plant varieties produce spiderettes and can be propagated the same way.
Another similar type of non-flowering Chlorophytum is the Chlorophytum Bichetii.
As you can see, there are no spiderette off-shoots. This variety could possibly work better as a ground covering than as a hanging plant for this reason.
In any case, both plant types can the same water, light and care needs. In fact, they look so similar that one could be mistaken for the other.
Another species of the spider plant is the Chlorophytum Capense (sometimes called a Bracketplant).
It does not produce hanging plantlets, and its leaves are solid green (sometimes with outer white edges as shown in the photo).
It does, however, produce similar-looking white flowers but they stick straight up rather than hanging down.